Compatible Solutes Engineering for Crop Plants Facing Climate Change

Compatible Solutes Engineering for Crop Plants Facing Climate Change
Author : Shabir Hussain Wani
Publisher : Springer Nature
Total Pages : 266
Release : 2021-11-19
ISBN 10 : 9783030806743
ISBN 13 : 303080674X
Language : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plants, being sessile and autotrophic in nature, must cope with challenging environmental aberrations and therefore have evolved various responsive or defensive mechanisms including stress sensing mechanisms, antioxidant system, signaling pathways, secondary metabolites biosynthesis, and other defensive pathways among which accumulation of osmolytes or osmo-protectants is an important phenomenon. Osmolytes with organic chemical nature termed as compatible solutes are highly soluble compounds with no net charge at physiological pH and nontoxic at higher concentrations to plant cells. Compatible solutes in plants involve compounds like proline, glycine betaine, polyamines, trehalose, raffinose family oligosaccharides, fructans, gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA), and sugar alcohols playing structural, physiological, biochemical, and signaling roles during normal plant growth and development. The current and sustaining problems of climate change and increasing world population has challenged global food security. To feed more than 9 billion, the estimated population by 2050, the yield of major crops needs to be increased 1.1–1.3% per year, which is mainly restricted by the yield ceiling. A major factor limiting the crop yield is the changing global environmental conditions which includes drought, salinity and extreme temperatures and are responsible for a reduction of crop yield in almost all the crop plants. This condition may worsen with a decrease in agricultural land or the loss of potential crop yields by 70%. Therefore, it is a challenging task for agricultural scientists to develop tolerant/resistant varieties against abiotic stresses. The development of stress tolerant plant varieties through conventional breeding is very slow due to complex multigene traits. Engineering compatible solutes biosynthesis by deciphering the mechanism behind the abiotic tolerance or accumulation in plants cell is a potential emerging strategy to mitigate adverse effects of abiotic stresses and increase global crop production. However, detailed information on compatible solutes, including their sensing/signaling, biosynthesis, regulatory components, underlying biochemical mechanisms, crosstalk with other signaling pathways, and transgenic development have not been compiled into a single resource. Our book intends to fill this unmet need, with insight from recent advances in compatible solutes research on agriculturally important crop plants.

Compatible Solutes Engineering for Crop Plants Facing Climate Change
Language: en
Pages: 266
Authors: Shabir Hussain Wani
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2021-11-19 - Publisher: Springer Nature

Plants, being sessile and autotrophic in nature, must cope with challenging environmental aberrations and therefore have evolved various responsive or defensive
Water Stress and Crop Plants
Language: en
Pages: 784
Authors: Parvaiz Ahmad
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2016-06-08 - Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

Plants are subjected to a variety of abiotic stresses such as drought, temperature, salinity, air pollution, heavy metals, UV radiations, etc. To survive under
Sorghum in the 21st Century: Food – Fodder – Feed – Fuel for a Rapidly Changing World
Language: en
Pages: 940
Authors: Vilas A. Tonapi
Categories: Technology & Engineering
Type: BOOK - Published: 2021-01-04 - Publisher: Springer Nature

Sorghum is the most important cereal crop grown in the semi-arid tropics (SAT) of Africa, Asia, Australia and Americas for food, feed, fodder and fuel. It is th
Salinity Responses and Tolerance in Plants, Volume 2
Language: en
Pages: 326
Authors: Vinay Kumar
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-06-22 - Publisher: Springer

Soil salinity is a key abiotic-stress and poses serious threats to crop yields and quality of produce. Owing to the underlying complexity, conventional breeding