Evolutionists claim that the similarities in life forms are evidence that we all come from a common ancestor. For example, generally speaking, all land animals and humans have the following: one head, one pair of eyes, one pair of ears, one nose with two nostrils, one mouth, two arms/fore legs, two legs/hind legs, and fingers and toes, or paws (for animals). This would seem like good evidencefor evolution. But if we use the same observable evidence and look at it from the Creationist perspective, we would expect our God to make his creation using common attributes. Many life forms have similar strands of DNA, and these strands produce certain information, such as instructions for creating hair, eyes, or lungs. This doesn’t mean we are related but rather, God used the same method for creating various types of life.
Compare this to an artist. The artist may use the same types of paints, same colors, same brushes, same canvases, and same brush strokes, but the artist does not reproduce the same picture each time. Although the paintings may have similar characteristics and were made with the same products, this does not mean one came from the other but rather, they both came from one creative designer. Remember that the evidence is based on interpretations filtered through our worldview.
In the legal system, evidence is an item or statement that helps to prove or disprove a person’s guilt. For example, a crime scene might show a discharged bullet casing, a bloody foot print, and a hair follicle. These three things are evidence, but they do not prove as a fact that the person in question shot the gun, stepped in the blood, and lost a hair follicle during the crime. The three piece of evidence do not talk; they just exist and must be interpreted based on the other evidences (and a crafty lawyer). Evidence may strongly imply something, such as the accused criminal being at the scene of the crime, but it still not clear and convincing proof.
Let’s apply this to the topic of Evolution and Creationism. If a dinosaur bone is found, one can look at it and identify it as a femur belonging to a Triceratops. You cannot tell how the animal died, what it’s skin looked like, or how old the bone is (see the article on radiometric dating flaws). Your evidence is only a bone. Your interpretation of the evidence is based on your worldview. If you believe in the Theory of Evolution, then you will conclude that the dinosaur died out about 65 million years ago (according to current scientific beliefs). If you believe in the Bible, then you will understand that the dinosaur was created on Day 6 during the Creation Week, and the dinosaur most likely died during the catastrophic floodthat buried all living things in sedimentary rock, which then turned the dead animals and plants into fossils.
Evolution is a fact and a theory. One is observed today in the lab and in the natural environment. The other is more of a philosophical if not religious viewpoint.
Evolution in and of itself means “change.” Change occurs all the time, and we can observe it. Changes do occur within the kinds of animals, and this is not evolution but instead adaptive variation. There are variations of finches, roses, sharks…the list goes on, and the only scientifically observed “evolution” is just those variations—different colors, fur length, size, shape, diet, etc. What is not observed is the divergence from a common ancestor that, for example, created the chimps and the humans. That common ancestor is supposedly ape-like, but the alleged divergence was not, nor can it ever be, observed, tested, or validated. The past happened in the past; you cannot watch it happen now. All we can see today is chimps, apes, baboons, and the other primate-type species being related to the primate kind; humans have their variations (race, etc.) only within the human kind. All experiments have only shown the variation with kinds. It has not shown the ape-like ancestor diverging into chimps and humans. Nor do experiments show a water-dwelling creature become amphibious and then become land-dwelling. These things are supposed to have happened in the unobserved past. If it is not observable and testable, it is not science.
The Theory of Evolution, however, states that all life forms today have come from a common ancestor millions of years ago. More specifically, it states that humans and primates have a common ape-like ancestor. The processes by which life has evolved include natural selectionand mutations. An ongoing problem in this hotly debated topic is the deceptive “bait and switch” tactic. That is, when an adaptation is seen in the wild or in a lab, that is called evolution. When living things are believed to have evolved from simple organisms to complex (i.e. “molecules to man”) over millions of years, and we are said to all be part of a phylogenetic tree of life, this is also called evolution. They are not the same thing. This is the fallacy of equivocation. Proponents of evolution say, “Evolution is true because evolution is observed.” They are two different types of evolution. Observed evolution can be studied in a lab or a natural setting, but never will a scientist observe a dinosaur make gradual changes in its skeletal and muscular structure to develop wings and the ability to fly. One evolution is an observed fact; the other remains a theory.
The Theory of Evolution does not account for the actual origin of life—there are other evolutionary studies dedicated to that, such as chemical evolution and cosmological evolution. Charles Darwinpopularized the Theory of Evolution, but it was actually a Greek philosopher named Anaximander who promoted the idea that life arose from water, and simple life forms came before complex life forms.
Note: Christians are mocked because they say that they don’t believe in evolution. By this, they mean they don’t believe in the Theory of Evolution.
Science in and of itself means “knowledge” and knowledge can be attained through two types of sciences: observational and historical.
Operational science is the broad field of science where experiments are performed and results are observed. In this field, which includes chemistry, physics, hydraulics, engineering, modern technology, etc., experiments can be done to test a hypothesis, and the experiment can be repeated to measure validity and reliability. This is the type of science that has given us computers, cell phones, televisions, and put men on the moon.
Historical science includes the fields of archaeology and paleontology, to name a few. These scientists “dig up the past” and come to conclusions based on interpretations of the evidence. The interpretations are based on the scientist’s worldviewand therefore are subjective. Various forms of radiometric datingcan be performed on the artifacts to determine how old they are, but these dating methods are based on assumptions.
Both the Theory of Evolutionand Creationism are historical sciences because all things studied have happened in the past. The evidenceuse to support evolution is the same evidence used to support Creation but the differences depend on the worldview-based interpretations of the evidence. Both have reasonable conclusions, but only one can be correct since they are complete opposites.
Everybody has a worldview. A worldview is a person’s view of the world, to put it short. It is how a person understands the world around them based on a multitude of factors. Person A may have the worldview that there is no God and that all things happen through natural processes. Person B may have the worldview that there is a God and He created everything. Person A sees a human being and understands that the human evolved from a common apelike ancestor millions of years ago. Person B sees a human being and understands that God created humans in His own image on the 6th day of creation. Person A sees how there are various species of dogs and understands this to be a form of evolution. Person B sees the same dogs, but understands that these are variations within the animal kind, which some refer to as micro-evolution. Both individuals will understand everything that happens in their life and around them based on their worldview.
Some may say that scientists are unbiased in their research and only respond to what the evidence shows, but all scientists have a worldview. For more information, please see the article about Evidence.
To keep with the topic of Creation and Evolution, check out the following two websites: “Talk origins” (a secular interpretation of the evidence, and “True Origins” (a rebuttal/creationist interpretation of the evidence). In addition, Talk Origins has a list of Creationist Claims that they have rebuttals for. Likewise, Creation Wiki has answers to those rebuttals here.
Regarding the Creation/Evolution debate: The argument is not about the evidence, it is about the interpretation of the evidence. When this concept can be understood by both parties, a simple truth is revealed: The argument is about the origin of the evidences. Are the evidences the product of natural selection and random mutation without any intelligent force behind it, or was the evidence a product of an Intelligent Creator? The arguments for evidences will be fruitless and time consuming because both evolutionists and creationists have an answer to explain the evidences. Instead, arguments for God or non-god get to the heart of the matter.
The Theory of Evolution and Atheism are too separate concepts, but often times an atheist is also a believer in the evolutionary theory, which states we all have a common ancestor and humans are advanced animals. Humans have no purpose in life except to survive and they have no destiny when life is over. As an animal, we can do whatever we want or need to do in order to survive. Animals are selfish by nature, and evolution requires that behavior.If there is a God, then we will one day be held accountable for our actions and therefore have a reason to do what is right. An offense to a Holy God requires and infinite punishment. God has revealed Himself through his creation (Romans 1) and through his Word. Rejection of God’s Word will lead to rejection of Him. Rejection of God will lead to an eternal punishment. God is loving, but he is also just. Otherwise, all of the Adolph Hitlers and Osama bin Ladens of the world would be in Heaven and not have to be accountable for their actions on earth. If that were true, we could all do whatever we wanted to and forget about being responsible. It’s not like that though. Eternity is a long time to think about where you went wrong.
Restoring the Authority of the Bible, Starting with the very first Book