Tag Archives: theory

What is racism and prejudice and how has evolution promoted these ideas?

According to Dictionary.com, racism is a belief or doctrine that inherent differences among the various human races determine cultural or individual achievement, usually involving the idea that one’s own race is superior and has the right to rule others.  From the same source, prejudice is an unfavorable opinion or feeling formed beforehand or without knowledge, thought, or reason, and it is also defined as unreasonable feelings, opinions, or attitudes, especially of a hostile nature, regarding a racial, religious, or national group.

Source: Answers in Genesis

The Theory of Evolution, according to Charles Darwin, has posited that humans evolved from an ape-like ancestor.  The first of these evolved humans was the aborigines, then the African, then the Mongoloid (Asian), and finally, the Caucasoid, which is considered to be the most evolved (note that Darwin was Caucasian).  Evolutionary concepts have been a factor in racial discrimination and atrocities in history.  Even Darwin’s book was titled: On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection or the Preservation of Favored Races in the Struggle for Life.”  A specific example of evolutionary-driven racism is what happened to Ota Benga.

 

How was the Grand Canyon formed?

The following information comes from “Your Guide to the Grand Canyon” by Tom Vail.  

Many people are taught that the Grand Canyon was carved out by the Colorado River that runs through it.  Could a river create such a large canyon?  Uniformitarianism scientists agree so.  But how could this have been formed in light of Noah’s Flood?  Recall the article “Where did the flood waters go?”  Was it formed by a little bit of water over a long period of time, or a lot of water over a short length of time?  There are two theories that explain how the Grand Canyon was formed relatively quickly:

Theory 1: After the flood, there were two or three very large lakes that formed north and east of the Kaibab Plateau (through which the canyon is carved).  As the lakes continued to fill, they finally overflowed and breached their natural dams, carving through the loose sediments in the Plateau, and thus creating the canyon.

Theory 2: There was massive sheet erosion during the flood’s recession (after the 150 days of water covering the earth).  As the waters receded off of the land, they channelized as more land was exposed.  It was during this process that the waters moved westward and carved through the loose sediments, creating the canyon.

More information about the Grand Canyon can be found at: http://www.answersingenesis.org/articles/cfl/grand-canyon

Watch the following video to witness the awesome power of water.  But first, click on this link to understand more about the video.  This sheds light on how the Grand Canyon could have been formed.

What is the canopy theory?

The canopy theory offers an explanation for what happened on the second day of creation and also provides a source for where all the water came from during Noah’s Flood.  The model states that when God separated the “waters from the waters” (Gen. 1:6) on Day 2, he left water on the Earth in the oceans and the rest went up into the atmosphere, forming a protective water canopy that encircled the Earth.  This would prevent short wave radiation from entering the Earth.  Radiation is known to cause harmful effects to our bodies, so people on Earth were protected and lived long, healthy lives.  When the flood started, the canopy fell down as rain, covering the earth and killing everything that was not on board the ark.

There are problems with this model, one being that it would create a greenhouse effect that would make the Earth so hot that people could not live on it.  Some creationists still hold to this model while others have moved on to other theories and formulated new ideas.  

One thing to keep in mind as we formulate ideas on the pre-flood world is this: we don’t know what the world was like then.  We can’t say with certainty that all systems we have today were in existence prior to Noah’s flood.  The earth back then could have been profoundly different.  Some questions may never be answered on this side of heaven.

More information about the Canopy Theory and some of its problems can be found here.

Source: Evolutionfacts.com
Source: Evolutionfacts.com

What does the word “replenish” mean in Genesis?

“And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the Earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the Earth.” Gen 1:28 (KJV).

This verse in the King James Version is used to support the Gap Theory because it uses the word “replenish.”  We know that today the word “replenish” means to “fill up again.”  Most words starting with the prefix “re” mean to do something again.  But has this always been the case? 

Source: Answers in Genesis

Language does change over time.  Compare today’s English with Old English, and you will see a vast array of changes.  According to the Oxford Dictionary, between the years of 1300 and 1700 during which time the KJV was written (1611), the word “replenish” meant to “fill up” as in “to fill something up one time or for the first time.”  It wasn’t until centuries later that the prefix “re” began to mean “again.”  You can look up the Hebrew word male, which is translated to “replenish” in the Strong’s Concordance (#4390).  Replenish, at the time of the KJV, did not mean to fill up again, but to fill up for the first time.  Therefore, this word cannot be used to support the Gap Theory.

What is the Gap Theory?

During the Age of Enlightenment, a theory made popular by a Scottish theologian named Thomas Chalmers.  The Gap Theory was formed to help make sense of the supposed millions of years of Earth’s existence while also believing in the Bible.  The Gap Theory proposes that in between Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2 there are millions or billions of years of unrecorded history.  During this time, there was an event called “Lucifer’s Flood” where Satan and 1/3 of the angels fell from heaven after an act of rebellion.  During that flood, the waters caused catastrophic damage to the Earth thus resulting in the geological formations we see today. Also during this time, the dinosaurs were buried and fossilized in the sedimentary rock.

The Gap Theory forces millions of years in-between the first two verses (Source: Answers in Genesis)

This theory helps explain why the Earth looks like it is millions of years old, but there is no biblical basis for the theory.  Those who created it were adding to the Bible to accommodate for the leading old-earth paradigm at the time.  The Christians did not want to look foolish for ignoring scientific theories, so the Gap Theory and others like Theistic Evolution and Progressive Creationism were created to accommodate for the secular theories.  There are theological problems with believing in an old earth and death before sin. 

What is the Big Bang Theory?

The Big Bang Theory was first proposed by Georges Lemaitre in 1931.  Later, others helped popularize the idea.  He theorized that 14.5 billion years ago (this age has been increased and decreased over the years), a ball of condensed energy called a singularity exploded, and over the course of millions of years, the contents of that singularity spread out into the universe, forming stars, planets and solar systems.  There are many problems with this theory.  The following article explains the Big Bang Theory and its technical problems more in depth: http://www.answersingenesis.org/articles/ee2/big-bang

A growing group of scientists have written a letter to the scientific community pointing out the flaws: www.cosmologystatement.org.  (Note: That link takes you to another site where the letter has moved.  It is no longer located at the address you click on, but another website has adopted it.

 

Big Bang Theory order of events (Source: Answers in Genesis)

 

From Big Bang to Man Source: Answers in Genesis

What is the difference between Evolution and the Theory of Evolution?

Evolution is a fact and a theory.  One is observed today in the lab and in the natural environment.  The other is more of a philosophical if not religious viewpoint.

Evolution in and of itself means “change.”  Change occurs all the time, and we can observe it.  Changes do occur within the kinds of animals, and this is not evolution but instead adaptive variation.  There are variations of finches, roses, sharks…the list goes on, and the only scientifically observed “evolution” is just those variations—different colors, fur length, size, shape, diet, etc.  What is not observed is the divergence from a common ancestor that, for example, created the chimps and the humans.  That common ancestor is supposedly ape-like, but the alleged divergence was not, nor can it ever be, observed, tested, or validated.  The past happened in the past; you cannot watch it happen now.  All we can see today is chimps, apes, baboons, and the other primate-type species being related to the primate kind; humans have their variations (race, etc.) only within the human kind.   All experiments have only shown the variation with kinds.  It has not shown the ape-like ancestor diverging into chimps and humans.  Nor do experiments show a water-dwelling creature become amphibious and then become land-dwelling.  These things are supposed to have happened in the unobserved past.  If it is not observable and testable, it is not science.  

The Theory of Evolution, however, states that all life forms today have come from a common ancestor millions of years ago.  More specifically, it states that humans and primates have a common ape-like ancestor.  The processes by which life has evolved include natural selection and mutations.  An ongoing problem in this hotly debated topic is the deceptive “bait and switch” tactic.    That is, when an adaptation is seen in the wild or in a lab, that is called evolution.  When living things are believed to have evolved from simple organisms to complex (i.e. “molecules to man”) over millions of years, and we are said to all be part of a phylogenetic tree of life, this is also called evolution.  They are not the same thing.  This is the fallacy of equivocation.  Proponents of evolution say, “Evolution is true because evolution is observed.”  They are two different types of evolution.  Observed evolution can be studied in a lab or a natural setting, but never will a scientist observe a dinosaur make gradual changes in its skeletal and muscular structure to develop wings and the ability to fly.  One evolution is an observed fact; the other remains a theory.

Charles Darwin theorized that all life came from a common ancestor like a single celled organism. As time went on, life forms became more complex and diverse.

The Theory of Evolution does not account for the actual origin of life—there are other evolutionary studies dedicated to that, such as chemical evolution and cosmological evolution. Charles Darwin popularized the Theory of Evolution, but it was actually a Greek philosopher named Anaximander who promoted the idea that life arose from water, and simple life forms came before complex life forms.

Note: Christians are mocked because they say that they don’t believe in evolution.  By this, they mean they don’t believe in the Theory of Evolution. 

*See also What is the difference between micro-evolution and macro-evolution? 

*See also: Evolution for Dummies: A Review.