Tag Archives: old

Is Jesus prophesied in the Old Testament?

The following article is from www.allaboutgod.comThis shows how the life, ministry, and death of Jesus can all be found in the Old Testament.

The Messiah preexists time (Gen. 1:1). He is the eternal Redeemer that will come to earth to reconcile mankind with God (Job 19:25-26). Although Satan will try to attack Him, the Messiah will have ultimate victory (Gen. 3:15). One day He will rule over everything and all nations will bow down to Him (Is 45:23, Ps 22).

The Messiah will descend from Shem (Gen 9-10), Abraham (Gen 22:18), Isaac (Gen 26:4), Jacob (Gen 28:14), Judah (Gen 49:10), Jesse (Is 11:1-5) and David (2 Sam 7:11-16). He will be born in the city of Bethlehem in the county of Ephrathah (Mic 5:2) when a bright star appears (Num 24:17). It will be a miraculous, virgin birth (Is 7:14).

The Messiah will be unique, having preexisted His birth (Mic 5:2). He will perform many miracles: calming the sea (Ps 107:29), causing the blind to see, the deaf to hear, the lame to walk, and the mute to talk (Is 35:4-6). He will be referred to in many ways, including: God With Us (Is 7:14), Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, and Princ e of Peace (Is 9:6). He will be a great teacher and will use parables (Ps 78:2).

But the Messiah will come to save mankind (Is 53:3-9). He will become man’s sin offering (Is 53:3-9) and present Himself to Jerusalem as both the anointed King (Zech 9:9) and the Passover Lamb (Is 53:3-9). This will occur 173,880 days after the decree by Artaxerxes to rebuild both Jerusalem and the temple (Dan 9:20-27). So, in early April, 33 AD, the Messiah will present Himself to a rejoicing Jerusalem riding on a donkey (Zech 9:9). But then He will suffer greatly (Is 53:3-9). Many will reject Him, including His friends (Is 53:3-9). He will be betrayed by a friend (Ps 41:9) for 30 pieces of silver (Zech 11:12-13). Later, that money will be thrown on the floor of the temple (Zech 11:12,13) and w ill eventually go to a potter (Zech 11:12-13). At His trial He will not defend Himself. He will say nothing (Is 53:3-9) except as required by law. Israel will reject Him (Is 8:14).

The Messiah will be taken to a mountaintop identified to Abraham as “the Lord will provide” (Gen 22). There He will be crucified with His hands and feet pierced (Ps 22). His enemies will encircle Him (Ps 22), mocking Him, and will cast lots for His clothing (Ps 22). He will call to God, asking why He was “forsaken” (Ps 22). He will be given gall and wine (Ps 69:20-22). He will die with thieves (Is 53:3-9). But, unlike the thieves, none of His bones will be broken (Ps 22). His heart will fail (Ps 22), as indicated by blood and water spilling out (Ps 22) when He is pierced with a sp ear (Zech 12:10). He will be buried in a rich man’s grave (Is 53:3-9). In three days, He will rise from the dead (Ps 22).

What does the word “replenish” mean in Genesis?

“And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the Earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the Earth.” Gen 1:28 (KJV).

This verse in the King James Version is used to support the Gap Theory because it uses the word “replenish.”  We know that today the word “replenish” means to “fill up again.”  Most words starting with the prefix “re” mean to do something again.  But has this always been the case? 

Source: Answers in Genesis

Language does change over time.  Compare today’s English with Old English, and you will see a vast array of changes.  According to the Oxford Dictionary, between the years of 1300 and 1700 during which time the KJV was written (1611), the word “replenish” meant to “fill up” as in “to fill something up one time or for the first time.”  It wasn’t until centuries later that the prefix “re” began to mean “again.”  You can look up the Hebrew word male, which is translated to “replenish” in the Strong’s Concordance (#4390).  Replenish, at the time of the KJV, did not mean to fill up again, but to fill up for the first time.  Therefore, this word cannot be used to support the Gap Theory.

What is the Gap Theory?

During the Age of Enlightenment, a theory made popular by a Scottish theologian named Thomas Chalmers.  The Gap Theory was formed to help make sense of the supposed millions of years of Earth’s existence while also believing in the Bible.  The Gap Theory proposes that in between Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2 there are millions or billions of years of unrecorded history.  During this time, there was an event called “Lucifer’s Flood” where Satan and 1/3 of the angels fell from heaven after an act of rebellion.  During that flood, the waters caused catastrophic damage to the Earth thus resulting in the geological formations we see today. Also during this time, the dinosaurs were buried and fossilized in the sedimentary rock.

The Gap Theory forces millions of years in-between the first two verses (Source: Answers in Genesis)

This theory helps explain why the Earth looks like it is millions of years old, but there is no biblical basis for the theory.  Those who created it were adding to the Bible to accommodate for the leading old-earth paradigm at the time.  The Christians did not want to look foolish for ignoring scientific theories, so the Gap Theory and others like Theistic Evolution and Progressive Creationism were created to accommodate for the secular theories.  There are theological problems with believing in an old earth and death before sin. 

How were people able to live for hundreds of years before the Flood?

Ages of the patriarchs

Prior to Noah’s Flood, people were recorded to live for over 900 years.  Methuselah lived 969 years (Gen. 5:27). How could they live for so long?  There are different theories, one being the Canopy Theory.  Another theory is that the oxygen levels at the beginning of time were different.  Today, the atmosphere has 20.9 percent oxygen in it.  What if in the past, the oxygen percent in the air was higher, so people breathed in healthier air, free of the harmful smog and pollution we have today.  This would allow people, plants, and animals to live longer, and this would explain why we find some very large fossils of animals that today are much smaller.  Still another valid reason is that during the time before the flood, the rate of harmful mutations present in the DNA was much lower.  People had overall much better health and were able to fight off diseases.  Today there are more diseases and even mutations of diseases, causing many health problems for all of us.  It is now rare to live past 100 years.

What are the problems with believing in millions of years?

“Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned.”  Romans 5:12.  

Source: Answers in Genesis

Death and suffering is a result of sin.  In the fossil record we find bones with diseases and cancer.  If the fossil record shows millions of years of Earth history before the creation and fall of man, then what caused those animals in the fossil record to die and have diseases?  The fossil record is a result of God’s judgment of sin.  These things logically could not have happened until after Adam’s sin.  This is one of the major problems with Theistic Evolution and Progressive Creationism in that these two alternative views allow for suffering and death before Adam’s sin.  This is opposite to what the Bible tells us about sin, suffering, and death.   If Adam’s sin did not bring death and curse onto the Earth, then what did bring it?

Does 2 Peter 3:8 Mean the Earth is Old?

“But do not overlook this one fact, beloved, that with the Lord one day is as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.” 2 Peter 3:8

Some use this verse to explain that the days in Genesis were long periods of time, not literal 24-hour days.  This verse, however, is not at all talking about the length of time during the Creation week.  It is in reference to Psalm 90:4 “For a thousand years in thy sight are but as yesterday when it is past, and as a watch in the night.”   The context in this verse is that of Jesus’ followers asking Peter when Jesus would return.  Scoffers at the time were mocking Christians because they were awaiting Jesus’ return, yet he had not returned.  Peter explained to the followers that God is outside of time as we understand it.  A day to God is like a thousand years, and a thousand years are like a day.  In other words, the verse cancels itself out in regards to explaining and understanding time.

Imagine you watching a parade.  You may be at the beginning, middle, end, or somewhere in between.  You are in one place seeing only part of the parade.  Imagine God in a helicopter above you, getting a bird’s eye view of the entire parade at one time.  God is outside of time and space as we understand it.  

Where did the idea of an old Earth come from?

Prior to 1750, prominent geologists like Niels Steensen concluded that sedimentary rocks were laid down by Noah’s Flood and that the Earth was roughly 6,000 years old.  Others at that time supported his conclusion.  In the later decades of the 18th century (remember this was during the Age of Enlightenment where people started to doubt the Bible), some French and Italian geologists rejected the global flood and stated that the sedimentary rock layers were created over long periods of time and caused by natural processes.  Other scientists formed views that Earth has experienced catastrophic events during the millions of years in Earth’s past before man was created.

James Hutton (1790s) and Charles Lyell (1820s) were both influential people of their time who wanted to provide evidence to show that slow and gradual processes occurred over long periods of time.  They also wanted to take the science away from the Bible and make it look like it is full of errors.  Charles Lyell published Principles of Geology where he proposed uniformitarianism, thus rejecting continental and global catastrophic floods.  His three volume book was very influential in destroying the ideas of a young Earth, and he even stated that his goal was to take geology away from Moses.  By the end of the 19th century, the age of the Earth was considered by all geologists to be in the hundreds of millions of years.  Over the course of the 20th century, that age increased to 4.5 billion years.

RTG recommends the following book to for more information about the falling away from young-earth views: The Great Turning Point 

This article summarizes the historical change from young-earth to old-earth: http://www.answersingenesis.org/home/area/bios/Scriptural_geologists.asp

What is Uniformitarianism?

Uniformitarianism is quite a complicated word but its definition is easy to understand: “The present is the key to the past.”  This means that the geological and natural processes observed today on Earth occur at the same rate as it did in the past.  For example, sediment that is transported by river waters into the oceans has always been transported at the same rate of speed.  This concept is held by evolutionary scientists, and it allows for the Earth to be millions of years old.  Uniformitarianism is supported by gradualism, but goes against the theory of punctuated equilibrium(For information about those two terms, please visit this website.)  The uniformitarian view denies the catastrophic flood.