Tag Archives: mutation

Are people’s skin color Black, Brown, and White?

We commonly refer to people of African descent as “Black,” people of Middle-eastern descent as “Brown,” and people of European descent as “White,” but these are not accurate representations of the skin colors.   Although the word “color” is used in other articles, it is not the best terminology to use when referring to skin tones, but for the sake of these articles, its meaning is understood and has no racist implications.   Black is the color of this text, and white is the color of the background, but we don’t see people with those actual colors (except in cases of albinism).  The color of skin in humans is determined by a pigment called melanin.  This is a brown pigment, and people have either a large amount (causing dark brown skin) or lesser amounts (causing light brown skin).  All people, except for those with the albino mutation, have a shade of brown skin, not black or white.  It is interesting to note that the majority of the world’s population is considered medium-brown.

 

From very light brown to very dark brown.  Notice the background is white and the children’s shirts are black.  People are not white and black by that definition (Source: Answers in Genesis)

 

What were the findings from the fruit fly experiments?

Natural selection was ruled out as the “engine” for evolution, so Darwinists tried to find evidence that mutations would be the engine.  In order to prove that mutations developed new species, experiments were done on fruit flies.  This species, the Drosophila melanogaster, was used because they bred rapidly, reached maturity in 12 days, had easy to observe characteristics, and had only a few chromosomes.  Countless millions of fruit flies were zapped with radiation in hopes of creating a new species, but despite the millions of flies that were experimented on, not one fly “evolved” into a new species.  Four hundred mutations were created from the radiation experiments, but none of the characteristics formed a new species.  Instead, many of the flies developed negative side-effects from the harmful radiation, such as reduced body size or inoperable wings.  This proved instead that mutations are usually harmful and rarely beneficial.

 

Mutations of the fruit flies (Source: www.evolutionfacts.com)