Tag Archives: interpretation

Does the evidence point to Evolution or Creation?

Evolutionists claim that the similarities in life forms are evidence that we all come from a common ancestor.  For example, generally speaking, all land animals and humans have the following: one head, one pair of eyes, one pair of ears, one nose with two nostrils, one mouth, two arms/fore legs, two legs/hind legs, and fingers and toes, or paws (for animals).  This would seem like good evidence for evolution.  But if we use the same observable evidence and look at it from the Creationist perspective, we would expect our God to make his creation using common attributes.  Many life forms have similar strands of DNA, and these strands produce certain information, such as instructions for creating hair, eyes, or lungs.  This doesn’t mean we are related but rather, God used the same method for creating various types of life. 

Compare this to an artist.  The artist may use the same types of paints, same colors, same brushes, same canvases, and same brush strokes, but the artist does not reproduce the same picture each time.  Although the paintings may have similar characteristics and were made with the same products, this does not mean one came from the other but rather, they both came from one creative designer.  Remember that the evidence is based on interpretations filtered through our worldview.

What is evidence?

 

Source: Answers in Genesis

 

In the legal system, evidence is an item or statement that helps to prove or disprove a person’s guilt.  For example, a crime scene might show a discharged bullet casing, a bloody foot print, and a hair follicle.  These three things are evidence, but they do not prove as a fact that the person in question shot the gun, stepped in the blood, and lost a hair follicle during the crime.  The three piece of evidence do not talk; they just exist and must be interpreted based on the other evidences (and a crafty lawyer).  Evidence may strongly imply something, such as the accused criminal being at the scene of the crime, but it still not clear and convincing proof.

Let’s apply this to the topic of Evolution and Creationism.  If a dinosaur bone is found, one can look at it and identify it as a femur belonging to a Triceratops.  You cannot tell how the animal died, what it’s skin looked like, or how old the bone is (see the article on radiometric dating flaws).  Your evidence is only a bone.  Your interpretation of the evidence is based on your worldview.  If you believe in the Theory of Evolution, then you will conclude that the dinosaur died out about 65 million years ago (according to current scientific beliefs).  If you believe in the Bible, then you will understand that the dinosaur was created on Day 6 during the Creation Week, and the dinosaur most likely died during the catastrophic flood that buried all living things in sedimentary rock, which then turned the dead animals and plants into fossils.

What is the difference between operational and historical science?

Science in and of itself means “knowledge” and knowledge can be attained through two types of sciences: observational and historical.

 

Source: Answers in Genesis

Operational science is the broad field of science where experiments are performed and results are observed.  In this field, which includes chemistry, physics, hydraulics, engineering, modern technology, etc., experiments can be done to test a hypothesis, and the experiment can be repeated to measure validity and reliability.  This is the type of science that has given us computers, cell phones, televisions, and put men on the moon. 

Source: Answers in Genesis

Historical science includes the fields of archaeology and paleontology, to name a few.  These scientists “dig up the past” and come to conclusions based on interpretations of the evidence.  The interpretations are based on the scientist’s worldview and therefore are subjective.  Various forms of radiometric dating can be performed on the artifacts to determine how old they are, but these dating methods are based on assumptions

 

Both the Theory of Evolution and Creationism are historical sciences because all things studied have happened in the past.  The evidence use to support evolution is the same evidence used to support Creation but the differences depend on the worldview-based interpretations of the evidence.  Both have reasonable conclusions, but only one can be correct since they are complete opposites.   

What is a worldview?

 

Source: Answers in Genesis
Source: Answers in Genesis

 

 

Everybody has a worldview.  A worldview is a person’s view of the world, to put it short.  It is how a person understands the world around them based on a multitude of factors.  Person A may have the worldview that there is no God and that all things happen through natural processes.  Person B may have the worldview that there is a God and He created everything.  Person A sees a human being and understands that the human evolved from a common apelike ancestor millions of years ago.  Person B sees a human being and understands that God created humans in His own image on the 6th day of creation.  Person A sees how there are various species of dogs and understands this to be a form of evolution.  Person B sees the same dogs, but understands that these are variations within the animal kind, which some refer to as micro-evolution. Both individuals will understand everything that happens in their life and around them based on their worldview.

Some may say that scientists are unbiased in their research and only respond to what the evidence shows, but all scientists have a worldview.  For more information, please see the article about Evidence.

To keep with the topic of Creation and Evolution, check out the following two websites:  Talk origins” (a secular interpretation of the evidence, and “True Origins” (a rebuttal/creationist interpretation of the evidence).  In addition, Talk Origins has a list of Creationist Claims that they have rebuttals for.  Likewise, Creation Wiki has answers to those rebuttals here.