Tag Archives: evolution

What is racism and prejudice and how has evolution promoted these ideas?

According to Dictionary.com, racism is a belief or doctrine that inherent differences among the various human races determine cultural or individual achievement, usually involving the idea that one’s own race is superior and has the right to rule others.  From the same source, prejudice is an unfavorable opinion or feeling formed beforehand or without knowledge, thought, or reason, and it is also defined as unreasonable feelings, opinions, or attitudes, especially of a hostile nature, regarding a racial, religious, or national group.

 

Source: Answers in Genesis

 

The Theory of Evolution, according to Charles Darwin, has posited that humans evolved from an ape-like ancestor.  The first of these evolved humans was the aborigines, then the African, then the Mongoloid (Asian), and finally, the Caucasoid, which is considered to be the most evolved (note that Darwin was Caucasian).  Evolutionary concepts have been a factor in racial discrimination and atrocities in history.  Even Darwin’s book was titled: On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection or the Preservation of Favored Races in the Struggle for Life.”  A specific example of evolutionary-driven racism is what happened to Ota Benga.

 

What is the Genesis kind?

When classifying a living thing, it is done through a specific process by placing it into categories that begin with a broad title and end with a specific name.  You may remember from school the following order of classification: Kingdom (broad), Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, and Species (specific).  When we study Creation in the Bible, we do not see the aforementioned classification order but instead are introduced to the word “kind.”  You will find the word “kind” used in the following verses, just to name a few: Gen. 1:12; Gen. 1:21; Gen. 1:24; and Gen. 1:25.  God created the plants, birds, fish, and land animals, and commanded them to reproduce “after their kind.”  The “kind” is considered by the majority of creationists to equal that of the Family in the classification order.  There is current research being done to help better define “kind.”  As mentioned, “Family” is often referred to as the kind, but some have suggested it may also be the Order or the Genus.  There is more information on that below.
The “kind” is better understood as the canine (dog) kind, the feline (cat) kind, the equidae (horse) kind, etc.  “After their kind” means that dogs would reproduce within the dog kind, cats would reproduce within the cat kind, and horses would reproduce within the horse kind.  This is what we observe today.  See the “Creation Orchard” below, which is much different than the Evolution Tree of Life

 

Instead of all life forms coming from a common ancestor, Creation teaches that the different life forms came from an original representative kind, like the canine kind and the feline kind. Natural selection and mutations resulted in the vast array of variations we see today, yet, all changes only occur within the kind.

The DNA holds an awesome amount of information, and when the proteins formed by the DNA are switched around, the results are different variations of the animal kind.  This is what creationists refer to as micro-evolution, or some may refer to it as “adaptive variation.” The DNA is made so that it can only be altered to produce more animals after its specific kind.  That is why we don’t find hideous dog/cat hybrids—the DNA would not allow for it to ever happen (an Darwinian evolution doesn’t necessarily teach that).  There are times when after so much variation has occurred, the DNA has altered to the extent that certain species within the kind can no longer reproduce with each other.  This is referred to as a ring species.  This is not evolution, but instead a loss of information (reverse evolution).  To help understand why we see different species in certain parts of the world but not in others, see the article about genetics

Let’s use the canine family as an example to better understand this “kind” concept.  There are hundreds of variations of the canine kind such as the German Shepherd, Boxer, Shih-Tzu, and Labrador.  There are also variations of these variations, such as the Black Labrador, Yellow Labrador, White Labrador, and Chocolate Labrador.  These are all dogs and will always be dogs.  They will never change into another family (kind) of animal.  The canine kind is not limited to dogs as we know them—it also includes foxes, dingos, wolves, and coyotes–and many within the canine kind can reproduce with one another to create new hybrids. 

There was a male and female canine representative on Noah’s Ark, and after the global flood, these two dogs reproduced, and due to natural selection and mutations, we have a variety of dogs today.

There is a field of Creation Science called “Baraminology” which comes from the Hebrew words bara and min.  Translated, those words mean “created kind.”  This is a study of the taxonomy of God’s creation.  More information about this interesting field of research can be found at www.creationbiology.org  The most recent research shows that of the Mammal kind, there were about 350 kinds identified.  Of the Aviary kind, there were about 196 kinds.  The research continues.

 

What is the Gap Theory?

During the Age of Enlightenment, a theory made popular by a Scottish theologian named Thomas Chalmers.  The Gap Theory was formed to help make sense of the supposed millions of years of Earth’s existence while also believing in the Bible.  The Gap Theory proposes that in between Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2 there are millions or billions of years of unrecorded history.  During this time, there was an event called “Lucifer’s Flood” where Satan and 1/3 of the angels fell from heaven after an act of rebellion.  During that flood, the waters caused catastrophic damage to the Earth thus resulting in the geological formations we see today. Also during this time, the dinosaurs were buried and fossilized in the sedimentary rock.

 

The Gap Theory forces millions of years in-between the first two verses (Source: Answers in Genesis)

 

This theory helps explain why the Earth looks like it is millions of years old, but there is no biblical basis for the theory.  Those who created it were adding to the Bible to accommodate for the leading old-earth paradigm at the time.  The Christians did not want to look foolish for ignoring scientific theories, so the Gap Theory and others like Theistic Evolution and Progressive Creationism were created to accommodate for the secular theories.  There are theological problems with believing in an old earth and death before sin. 

What is progressive creationism?

 

New animals were created as others died out.
Source: Answers in Genesis

 

Progressive Creationism is a theory that the universe and Earth are very old.  The theory proposes that the universe was created by the Big Bang.  During the days of the creation week, the days were not literal, 24-hour days but instead periods of millions of years each.  They believe that before Adam and Eve were created, the majority of life and Earth history had already taken place, and that death and bloodshed were already occurring.  They also deny a global flood and claim that Noah’s Flood had little geological impact.

This theory rejects foundational doctrine in Genesis and adds to the Bible.  It is another method of making the Bible fit with secular science.  For more information, visit the following link: http://www.gotquestions.org/progressive-creationism.html

What is theistic evolution?

 

Source: Answers in Genesis

 

Theistic evolution is the theory that God used evolution (Theory of Evolution) to create the world.  There are two camps of theistic evolution.  Some believe that God set everything in motion, such as creating the building blocks of life and creating the natural laws, and then He stepped aside to let nature takes its course.  Others believe that God had his hand in the step-by-step changes of organism progressions as theorized by Charles Darwin.  For example, when dinosaurs supposedly evolved into birds, God stepped in and performed a miracle to allow for the necessary anatomical changes to take place. 

This theory is an accommodation to help the Bible make sense in the light of secular science, but in reality, it is adding to the Bible, and this is forbidden.  Evolution and Creation are completely incompatibleFor more information, visit the following link: http://www.gotquestions.org/theistic-evolution.html

How old is the Earth according to evolutionists?

Those who hold to the Big Bang Theory and uniformitarianism say that the Big Bang started between 13 and 20 billion years ago.  Earth was formed about 4.5 billion years ago.  One thing to remember when discussing evolution is that long periods of time are necessary in order for the organisms to have enough time to change from the single-celled to modern man.  Another reason some hold to the old-earth view is because they reject the worldwide, catastrophic flood that completely altered earth’s appearance.  The geologic column is used to measure the age of the Earth, but this column is only theoretical and based on uniformitarianism.

 

Secular history of universe, earth, and evolution of life (Source: Answers in Genesis)

 

What was the Scopes Trial and why was it significant?

Also known as the “Monkey Trials,” the Scopes Trial was a court hearing in 1925 in a small town in Tennessee.  A movie entitled “Inherit the Wind” was based on the trial, but it is not at all an accurate representation of what actually happened.  

Tennessee had passed a law called the Butler Act, and this forbade the teaching of Evolution in public schools.   More specifically, this law forbade the teaching of human evolution.  The American Civil Liberties Union wanted to challenge that law, so they found a newly hired teacher named John Scopes.  Scopes had been substitute teaching biology for only two weeks, and during that time he used a textbook that had a chapter about human evolution.  (An interesting note: There are conflicting sources about John Scopes, some of which say that Scopes did not teach evolution at all during his short stint as a substitute.)   Attorney Clarence Darrow defended John Scopes, and the prosecutor was William Bryant.  During the trial, there was a lot of misinformation, ridicule of the Bible, side issues, and false statements made.  At one point, Clarence Darrow put William Bryant on the stand.  Darrow then drilled Bryant with many questions about the Bible, several of which he could not answer. The trial turned from prosecuting John Scopes to actually debating Creation vs. Evolution.

What we can learn from this trial is that all Christians should understand what they believe and why they believe it.  William Bryant, who was a Christian, was not able to defend the Bible or his beliefs, and although Scopes was found guilty (he was later acquitted on a technicality), Clarence Darrow successfully “won” by making a mockery of the Christian faith.  In the play and movie, “Inherit the Wind,” Christians were poorly misrepresented and much propaganda was used that was contrary to the actual court hearing.  The actual court transcript is available to the public now for all to see it does not coincide with the play.  RTG recommends this article for more information about how erroneous the play and movie were: https://answersingenesis.org/scopes-trial/inherit-the-wind/

It is important for us to defend our faith and understand our doctrine.  It is also a biblical mandate (1 Peter 3:15).  Unfortunately, many churches do not promote the teaching of apologetics.  That should not stop the Christian from personally seeking the truth.  Why not start learning today?  There are several Internet websites to help Christians defend their faith.  

 

Do Peppered Moths prove evolution?

Peppered moths are used as evidence for evolution, but this is not evolution at all, even though it is still used as evidence in textbooks. There are two types of the peppered moth—a lighter color and darker color.  Students are taught that during the industrial revolution in England, soot and grime from the factories landed on the trees causing the bark to darken.  The dark moth was more camouflaged on the trees but the lighter moth wasn’t, making it visible to the birds.  It was believed by evolutionists that the light moth evolved into a dark moth so that it would be camouflage and not get eaten by the birds. 

 

The light and dark colored peppered moth (Source: Answers in Genesis)

 

The truth is that the dark and light moth both existed beforehand and still exists today.  Neither moth adapted to the environment.  The gene for color was in both species at one time in the past, but due to genetics and isolation, over time only the light moths produced more light moths, and the dark moths only produced more dark moths.   When the dark moth blended in with the dark trees, the light moth was easily seen and eaten by the birds, so the dark moth was able to reproduce and thrive.  This is an example of survival of the fittest.

What is the problem with poodles?

Poodles are the end result of many mutations in the canine kind.  Please don’t be offended when you read that poodles are mutated dogs.  Many animals are products of mutations.  The miniature poodle is susceptible to a wide variety of genetic problems, diseases, and syndromes.  This shows that mutations are more often than not harmful to a living thing.  Mutations can produce a variation of a kind, such as the poodle, but it comes with a cost, and no new kinds of animals are ever created.  Mutations take away information from the genome and this causes more problems with survivability.  For more information about the harmful effects of mutations, see the article about the fruit fly experiments.

 

A list of conditions that miniature poodles are susceptible to (Source: Answers in Genesis)

 

What were the findings from the fruit fly experiments?

Natural selection was ruled out as the “engine” for evolution, so Darwinists tried to find evidence that mutations would be the engine.  In order to prove that mutations developed new species, experiments were done on fruit flies.  This species, the Drosophila melanogaster, was used because they bred rapidly, reached maturity in 12 days, had easy to observe characteristics, and had only a few chromosomes.  Countless millions of fruit flies were zapped with radiation in hopes of creating a new species, but despite the millions of flies that were experimented on, not one fly “evolved” into a new species.  Four hundred mutations were created from the radiation experiments, but none of the characteristics formed a new species.  Instead, many of the flies developed negative side-effects from the harmful radiation, such as reduced body size or inoperable wings.  This proved instead that mutations are usually harmful and rarely beneficial.

 

Mutations of the fruit flies (Source: www.evolutionfacts.com)