Genesis 2:16-17: “And the Lord God commanded man, saying, “Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat; but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.”
The curse of man happened after the eating of the fruit from the tree in the garden. It wasn’t so much the fruit that resulted in the curse, but Adam and Eve’s act of disobedience to God’s one command. But, how did the first two humans even know what sin was?
At this point in history, there was no evil affecting the world. The creation was still “very good.” Sin had not yet entered the world. God gave commands on what Adam and Eve could do and specifically told them not to eat from the one tree in the garden. By knowing that it would be wrong to eat from the tree, Adam and Eve had the knowledge of what was wrong. They knew it would be wrong to disobey God by breaking this one rule. They chose to break the rule, and sin entered the world afterward.
It’s similar to telling a child not to touch a hot stove. Inevitably, the child is going to touch it and get burned. Through the child’s disobedience, he suffered the consequence (injury). Likewise, God forbade the eating of the one tree in the garden because of its consequence (physical death, curse on humans, animals, and the earth). Adam and Eve knew it was wrong, but they still did it.
It should also be added that Adam and Eve were created in God’s image, which means they understood right from wrong because God’s standards for right and wrong are part of His character. Laws in this world are in place regardless of them being spoken or written down. For example, gravity will take effect regardless of your knowledge of gravity. If you visit a city and don’t know the speed limit, and then get caught speeding, you are still guilty of breaking the law even though you didn’t know the speed limit.
Adam and Eve, realizing they were naked, sewed together leaves to cover up their nudity. This was their own work being done in an attempt to cover their sin. God sacrificed an animal and used the dead animal’s skin to provide garments for Adam and Eve. An animal had to die to atone for their sins and provide the covering for their nudity. Blood was shed, and without the shedding of blood there is no remission of sins (Heb. 9:22). Adam’s rebellion was a real event, but it was also prophetic of how about 4,000 years later, Jesus would be sacrificed to cover the sins of the world. Our own works (clothes made of leaves) do not atone for our sin, but the blood of a blameless sacrifice (Jesus) made the full atonement. Jesus chose to redeem his creation from the mess that it created. This is true, unconditional love. Putting our faith in Jesus and confessing our sins to him guarantees us a life in Heaven with him.
Federal headship is the theological term stating that a husband/father is the head, leader, and representative of his family. Adam was created first and set to rule over Eve, and this concept of the husband being the leader is found in both the Old and New Testaments. As part of Eve’s curse, she would have the desire to rule over her husband and usurp his authority. The mandate for Adam to be the head does not mean that he would be a dictator and Eve would be a subservient slave. That is not the case at all, for we know what God teaches us about marriage, especially in regards to how Adam is to love his wife like Jesus loves the church—unconditionally and with sacrifice.
Let’s apply this to Jesus. In the Garden of Eden, it was Eve who sinned first and Adam who sinned afterwards, but it is because of Adam that we are all under the curse of sin and death. Jesus, being the redeemer over the fallen creation, took the leadership role and responsibility to cover our sins by dying on the cross. His unconditional love saved us from our own created problem.
Children’s books often portray Adam and Eve with light coloredskin. However, using basic genetics, if Adam and Eve were both light colored, then all of their children, including people today, would be light colored. If Adam and Eve were both dark colored, then all people today would be dark colored. Neither of these scenarios is possible because there are people with dark, medium, and light colored skin throughout the world. However, if Adam was dark colored and Eve was light colored, then they would be able to produce a wide variety of children. Or, if they both had medium-colored skin and had the genetics for light and dark skin, that would also allow for the diversity of colors we see today.
Eve is the mother of all human beings. God cursed her and her offspring by increasing the pain she would experience during childbirth. Also, God created division between husband and wife, where the wife would want to rule over the husband, but the husband would be the one ruling over her instead. This does not mean, though, that the wife would be a submissive slave. The husband is to love his wife like Christ loves the church (his followers). The husband is to be willing to make sacrifices and love her unconditionally. This curse on Eve is similar to the theological term of Federal Headship.
Adam and Eve were banned from the garden because of their act of rebellionand disobedience. Had God not banned them, they would have eventually eaten from the Tree of Life, which was also in the garden (Gen. 2:9), and lived forever. Remember, though, that as a punishment for their sin, their bodies were affected with the curse. If they ate from the Tree of Life then they would live forever in a disease ridden body, resulting in their life being an eternal, miserable existence. God banned Adam and Eve to prevent them from an eternity of suffering. This is another act of divine love.
The first two people created on Earth were Adam and Eve. You can follow their lineage in Genesis Chapter 5 to show that Noah was a descendant of Adam and Eve (Gen 5:29). Noah married and had three sons: Shem, Ham, and Japeth. Noah, his wife, his three sons, and their wives (each had one wife) were the only people on board the ark and the sole survivors of the global flood. After they got off the ark, God commanded them to be fruitful and multiply (Gen. 9:7). The three sons had many children with their wives (see Genesis Chapter 10 & 11) and we are all descendants from them (Gen. 9:19). Therefore, we are all descendants from Adam and Eve, and therefore we are all related.
Some may disagree, but RTG believes that Adam and Eve did not have children until after they sinned. The reason being is if a child was born before the fall of man, then that child would be sinless just like Adam and Eve. When Adam ate from the fruit, he passed on the sin nature to all humans, including everyone today. Because of Adam’s rebellion, all people will eventually die (Rom. 5:12). If Adam had a child beforehand, then that child would not inherit the curse(unless he also ate some of the fruit) and therefore not have to experience death and suffering. That child would theoretically still be living today. The Bible is not clear on this question and it remains as a debatable issue.
The Garden of Eden was a beautiful paradise that could provide everything that Adam, Eve and the animals needed for daily survival. God allowed them to eat from the fruit of all of the trees except for one, the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil (Gen 2:17). When the Fall of Man happened, both Adam and Eve ate some fruit from this tree. We don’t know what the fruit looked like and it is not very important, but what is important are the results of Adam’s rebellion. They disobeyed God through an act of rebellion thus resulting in death and suffering to enter the world, which affected both Adam and Eve and all of their descendants.
Also known as “Original Sin,” the Fall of Man was the event of Adam disobeying God. It is not known at what time this occurred, but it had to be after the 7th day of Creation when God declared everything to be “very good” (there was no sin if everything was “very good”). Genesis Chapter 3 records Adam and Eve residing in the Garden where God placed them. God gave them permission to eat from every tree in the garden except one: the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. This was a literal tree that bore fruit. Satan, in the form of a serpent, questioned Eve about what God had commanded her regarding that particular tree. Eve replied that she would die if she ate from it. Satan said that she would not die but instead be like God and her eyes would be opened, allowing her to know good and evil. Deceived, Eve ate some of the fruit and shared it with Adam. Immediately after, they both realized that they were naked and they tried to cover their nakedness with leaves.
Both Adam and Eve knew that it was wrong to eat from that particular tree, yet they still did it. They had the option of walking away from the tree and eating something else. Even still today, when we are tempted, God provides us with an escape route so that we can avoid the temptation (1 Cor. 10:13). Their act of rebellion resulted in banishment from the garden, and all people would be born with a sin nature and one day die. We all sufferbecause of Adam’s sin. Thankfully, Jesus has provided a wayto live forever with Him.
Restoring the Authority of the Bible, Starting with the very first Book