We commonly refer to people of African descent as “Black,” people of Middle-eastern descent as “Brown,” and people of European descent as “White,” but these are not accurate representations of the skin colors. Although the word “color” is used in other articles, it is not the best terminology to use when referring to skin tones, but for the sake of these articles, its meaning is understood and has no racist implications. Black is the color of this text, and white is the color of the background, but we don’t see people with those actual colors (except in cases of albinism). The color of skin in humans is determined by a pigment called melanin. This is a brown pigment, and people have either a large amount (causing dark brown skin) or lesser amounts (causing light brown skin). All people, except for those with the albino mutation, have a shade of brown skin, not black or white. It is interesting to note that the majority of the world’s population is considered medium-brown.